All you need for bread are three ingredients: water, flour, and salt.
The process of baking bread is split up into:
- Preparing the culture
You let the dough and loaf rest at various stages:
- before kneading (autolyse)
- after kneading (for 24h)
- after shaping (for 24h)
- after baking (for 3-4h)
Resting is as much a part of baking as kneading or baking.
Kneading creates a crust that keeps the crumb moist. It shapes the bread, by creating a surface tension.